Liaison Pilot Wings.jpg

Aeronca L-3 Grasshopper
N36687 "Looking Glass"

The L-3 was initially designated the O-58 at the time it was first ordered by the Air Corps, a designation prefix that was retired in April 1942. The airplane underwent service tests in the summer of 1941 during maneuvers in Louisiana and Texas.

When American forces went into combat after Pearl Harbor, the Army Air Force used the L-3 in much the same manner as observation balloons were used during World War I — spotting activities and directing artillery fire. It was also used for liaison and transport duties and short-range reconnaissance which required airplanes to land and take off in short distances from unprepared landing strips.

Liaison pilots would train on L-3s before moving on to front-line aircraft like the Piper L-4 or the Stinson L-5. Some L-3s were shipped to north Africa, and subsequently given to the Free French Forces in the area at the time. At least one of the aircraft served with US forces in Italy.

L-3 Miramar Airshow 2019.jpg
L-3 Ramona Air Fair.jpg
L-3 Cockpit View.jpg
L-3 2.jpg
L-3 6.jpg

General characteristics

  • Crew: 2: pilot, observer

  • Length: 21 ft. 10 in (6.67 m)

  • Wingspan: 35 ft. 0 in (10.67 m)

  • Height: 9 ft. 1 in. (2.74 m)

  • Wing area: 169 ft² (15.6 m²)

  • Empty weight: 835 lb. (379 kg)

  • Loaded weight: 1,260 lb. (572 kg)

  • Powerplant: 1 × Continental O-170-3 OR a Continental O-65-8 flat-4 engine, 65 hp (48 kW)